Clinical and epidemiological evaluation of patients with sporadic colorectal cancer

Glaucia Maria de Mendonça Fernandes, Cássia Veridiana Dourado Leme, Mariângela Torreglosa Ruiz-Cintra, Érika Cristina Pavarino, João Gomes Netinho, Eny Maria Goloni-Bertollo
2014 Journal of Coloproctology  
Epidemiology Risk factors Clinical symptoms a b s t r a c t Background: This study aims to perform a survey on clinical data, sociodemographic and risk factors from patients with sporadic colorectal cancer (SCRC) treated between 2004 and 2008 in the Coloproctology Service of a teaching hospital in the North-western region of São Paulo. Methods: We analyzed 749 medical records. Of these, 460 were from colon cancer patients and 289 from rectal cancer patients. Most of the individuals had white
more » ... iduals had white skin and were aged over 62 years. The variables that were analyzed included gender, age, skin color, professional occupation, alcohol drinking and cigarette smoking, family history of cancer, and comorbidities. The identification of the clinical-sociodemographic profile and risk factors in a population with the SCRC the northwest region of São Paulo was performed to collaborate with prevention strategies. Results: The occurrence of SCRC did not differ much between genders. The most prevalent professional occupations were those related to household chores, agricultural and commercial activities. Among the comorbidities, hypertension and cholelithiasis were the most representative. The most common diagnosis method and treatment for the majority of patients were coloscopy and surgery, respectively. On average, the time of the disease progression was eight months. The median number of lymph nodes excised ranged between 11 and 14. The most common metastasis was hepatic. ଝ The study was carried out at the Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto (Famerp), São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil.
doi:10.1016/j.jcol.2014.08.001 fatcat:ojb2hie3tvhobk36wyjckczdfq