Reactions to the 1975 European Architectural Heritage Year – the Case of Socialist Croatia

Marko Špikić
At the time of the initiative to celebrate 1975 as European Architectural Heritage Year (EAHY 1975), Croatia was a part of a socialist state. Not belonging to either of the political blocs separated by the Berlin Wall, and as a unit of a non-aligned Yugoslavia, Croatia's conservation system was both politically influenced by the rhetoric of leaders in a decadent state, and open to the messages of the changing Europe. This paper deals with the reception of the European Council's initiative in
more » ... 's initiative in such a political constellation. Reactions in this country may seem belated, full of concern, even of desperation due to the actual situation on the field, but it included values and aims of the 1970s conservation community: social inclusion in professional issues, invention of new historic monuments and rediscovery of historic centers as sources of new appreciation and inspiration. To have a clearer picture of the liminal position of Croatia (bearing in mind the artificial independence of the Republic in the Yugoslav Federation, official fidelity to the communist system and intimate belief in emancipation and democratization, as well as its constant European, or Western perspectives), the paper focuses on the genesis of discussions in the mid-1970s, its central issues and results.
doi:10.11588/monu.2015.0.42434 fatcat:rjnjhmuu6jhc3gnoonjpf23uwu