First Report of Mango Dieback Caused by Pseudofusicoccum stromaticum in Brazil

M. W. Marques, N. B. Lima, S. J. Michereff, M. P. S. Câmara, C. R. B. Souza
2012 Plant Disease  
In the present study, we integrated liquid chromatography high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) and high-throughput DNA sequencing for prospecting cytotoxic specialized metabolites from Pseudofusicoccum stromaticum, an endophytic fungus associated to the medicinal plant Myracrodruon urundeuva. LC-HRMS profiling allowed identifying putatively eleven compounds in the ethyl acetate extract from P. stromaticum broth. Additionally, a chemical fractionation guided by cytotoxicity combined with
more » ... city combined with spectrometric analysis resulted in the isolation of three compounds: the cyclopeptide cyclo-L-Phe-D-Leu-L-Leu-L-Leu-L-lle along with the known rotenoids rotenolone and tephrosin. MTT assay showed that tephrosin (IC 50 0.51 mg mL À1 ) has strong cytotoxic effect and may be pointed out as the compound responsible for the antiproliferative activity of P. stromaticum. Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) and genome mining of P. stromaticum draft genome revealed 56 contigs codifying specialized metabolites biosynthesis-related enzymes. Nearly half of such genes (44.6%) could be mapped to orphan Biosynthetic Gene Clusters (BGCs) of related plant pathogens belonging to family Botryosphaeriaceae. Also, screening for rotenoids biosynthetic enzymes led to characterization of a putative chalcone isomerase-like (CHI-like) protein. This is the first report of rotenoids biosynthesized by a fungus, unveiling a unique ability of P. stromaticum. † Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: HRESIMS, 1D-and 2D-NMR spectra of compounds 1-3, along with BGCs found for P. stromaticum. See
doi:10.1094/pdis-05-11-0425 fatcat:mxambxoqjnh4zbyijbngny6aey