Using a DEA–AutoML Approach to Track SDG Achievements

Bodin Singpai, Desheng Wu
2020 Sustainability  
Each country needs to monitor progress on their Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to develop strategies that meet the expectations of the United Nations. Data envelope analysis (DEA) can help identify best practices for SDGs by setting goals to compete against. Automated machine learning (AutoML) simplifies machine learning for researchers who need less time and manpower to predict future situations. This work introduces an integrative method that integrates DEA and AutoML to assess and
more » ... ct performance in SDGs. There are two experiments with different data properties in their interval and correlation to demonstrate the approach. Three prediction targets are set to measure performance in the regression, classification, and multi-target regression algorithms. The back-propagation neural network (BPNN) is used to validate the outputs of the AutoML. As a result, AutoML can outperform BPNN for regression and classification prediction problems. Low standard deviation (SD) data result in poor prediction performance for the BPNN, but does not have a significant impact on AutoML. Highly correlated data result in a higher accuracy, but does not significantly affect the R-squared values between the actual and predicted values. This integrative approach can accurately predict the projected outputs, which can be used as national goals to transform an inefficient country into an efficient country.
doi:10.3390/su122310124 fatcat:ssnapjnopjgb5pw74oqzl5df5e