The effective two-loop Euler-Heisenberg action for scalar and spinor QED in a general constant background field

B. Körs, M.G. Schmidt
1999 European Physical Journal C: Particles and Fields  
Using the Worldline formalism of QED we compute the two-loop effective action induced by a charged scalar, respectively spinor particle in a general constant electromagnetic field.
doi:10.1007/pl00021617 fatcat:iberfaqxjnfidd3eppa3ond5dm