Mid-sagittal plane and mid-sagittal surface optimization in brain MRI using a local symmetry measure

Mikkel B. Stegmann, Karl Skoglund, Charlotte Ryberg, J. Michael Fitzpatrick, Joseph M. Reinhardt
2005 Medical Imaging 2005: Image Processing  
This paper describes methods for automatic localization of the mid-sagittal plane (MSP) and mid-sagittal surface (MSS). The data used is a subset of the Leukoaraiosis And DISability (LADIS) study consisting of threedimensional magnetic resonance brain data from 62 elderly subjects (age 66 to 84 years). Traditionally, the mid-sagittal plane is localized by global measures. However, this approach fails when the partitioning plane between the brain hemispheres does not coincide with the symmetry
more » ... ane of the head. We instead propose to use a sparse set of profiles in the plane normal direction and maximize the local symmetry around these using a general-purpose optimizer. The plane is parameterized by azimuth and elevation angles along with the distance to the origin in the normal direction. This approach leads to solutions confirmed as the optimal MSP in 98 percent of the subjects. Despite the name, the mid-sagittal plane is not always planar, but a curved surface resulting in poor partitioning of the brain hemispheres. To account for this, this paper also investigates an optimization strategy which fits a thin-plate spline surface to the brain data using a robust least median of squares estimator. Albeit computationally more expensive, mid-sagittal surface fitting demonstrated convincingly better partitioning of curved brains into cerebral hemispheres. Corresponding author is M. B. Stegmann, E-mail: mbs@imm.dtu.dk, Web: http://www.imm.dtu.dk/∼mbs/. * The origin is here chosen as the center of the voxel volume.
doi:10.1117/12.595222 dblp:conf/miip/StegmannSR05 fatcat:v25l2t46wzdffdmjwbjh5h2aka