Cosmic microwave background anisotropies in multiconnected flat spaces

Alain Riazuelo, Jeffrey Weeks, Jean-Philippe Uzan, Roland Lehoucq, Jean-Pierre Luminet
2004 Physical Review D  
This article investigates the signature of the seventeen multi-connected flat spaces in cosmic microwave background (CMB) maps. For each such space it recalls a fundamental domain and a set of generating matrices, and then goes on to find an orthonormal basis for the set of eigenmodes of the Laplace operator on that space. The basis eigenmodes are expressed as linear combinations of eigenmodes of the simply connected Euclidean space. A preceding work, which provides a general method for
more » ... ting multi-connected topologies in standard CMB codes, is then applied to simulate CMB maps and angular power spectra for each space. Unlike in the 3-torus, the results in most multi-connected flat spaces depend on the location of the observer. This effect is discussed in detail. In particular, it is shown that the correlated circles on a CMB map are generically not back-to-back, so that negative search of back-to-back circles in the WMAP data does not exclude a vast majority of flat or nearly flat topologies.
doi:10.1103/physrevd.69.103518 fatcat:l4whlwbve5fufbfy4pikgfsjki