Use of a Feed-Forward Back Propagation Network for the Prediction of Small for Gestational Age Newborns in a Cohort of Pregnant Patients with Thrombophilia

Petronela Vicoveanu, Ingrid Andrada Vasilache, Ioana Sadiye Scripcariu, Dragos Nemescu, Alexandru Carauleanu, Dragos Vicoveanu, Ana Roxana Covali, Catalina Filip, Demetra Socolov
2022 Diagnostics  
(1) Background: Fetal growth restriction is a relatively common disorder in pregnant patients with thrombophilia. New artificial intelligence algorithms are a promising option for the prediction of adverse obstetrical outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive performance of a Feed-Forward Back Propagation Network (FFBPN) for the prediction of small for gestational age (SGA) newborns in a cohort of pregnant patients with thrombophilia. (2) Methods: This observational
more » ... ctive study included all pregnancies in women with thrombophilia who attended two tertiary maternity hospitals in Romania between January 2013 and December 2020. Bivariate associations of SGA and each predictor variable were evaluated. Clinical and paraclinical predictors were further included in a FFBPN, and its predictive performance was assessed. (3) Results: The model had an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.95, with a true positive rate of 86.7%, and a false discovery rate of 10.5%. The overall accuracy of our model was 90%. (4) Conclusion: This is the first study in the literature that evaluated the performance of a FFBPN for the prediction of pregnant patients with thrombophilia at a high risk of giving birth to SGA newborns, and its promising results could lead to a tailored prenatal management.
doi:10.3390/diagnostics12041009 pmid:35454057 pmcid:PMC9025417 fatcat:6wulvviqvndqnfxv774argw7ry