Forecasting Electricity Load With Hybrid Scalable Model Based on Stacked Non Linear Residual Approach

Ayush Sinha, Raghav Tayal, Aamod Vyas, Pankaj Pandey, O. P. Vyas
2021 Frontiers in Energy Research  
Power has totally different attributes than other material commodities as electrical energy stockpiling is a costly phenomenon. Since it should be generated when demanded, it is necessary to forecast its demand accurately and efficiently. As electrical load data is represented through time series pattern having linear and non-linear characteristics, it needs a model that may handle this behavior well in advance. This paper presents a scalable and hybrid approach for forecasting the power load
more » ... sed on Vector Auto Regression (VAR) and hybrid deep learning techniques like Long Short Term Memory (LSTM) and Convolutional Neural Network (CNN). CNN and LSTM models are well known for handling time series data. The VAR model separates the linear pattern in time series data, and CNN-LSTM is utilized to model non-linear patterns in data. CNN-LSTM works as CNN can extract complex features from electricity data, and LSTM can model temporal information in data. This approach can derive temporal and spatial features of electricity data. The experiment established that the proposed VAR-CNN-LSTM(VACL) hybrid approach forecasts better than more recent deep learning methods like Multilayer Perceptron (MLP), CNN, LSTM, MV-KWNN, MV-ANN, Hybrid CNN-LSTM and statistical techniques like VAR, and Auto Regressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMAX). Performance metrics such as Mean Square Error, Root Mean Square Error, and Mean Absolute Error have been used to evaluate the performance of the discussed approaches. Finally, the efficacy of the proposed model is established through comparative studies with state-of-the-art models on Household Power Consumption Dataset (UCI machine learning repository) and Ontario Electricity Demand dataset (Canada).
doi:10.3389/fenrg.2021.720406 fatcat:axvxzi7wgzgu3fmneshdwehfwm