Segment-specific orientation of the dorsal and ventral roots for precise therapeutic targeting of human spinal cord [article]

Alan Mendez, Riazul Islam, Timur Latypov, Prathima Basa, Ogeneitseg Joseph,, Bruce Knudsen, Ahad M Siddiqui, Priska Summer, Luke J. Staehnke, Peter J. Grahn, Nirusha Lachman, Anthony M Windebank (+1 others)
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
An understanding of spinal cord functional neuroanatomy is essential for diagnosis and treatment of multiple disorders including, chronic pain, movement disorders, and spinal cord injury. Till now, no information is available on segment-specific spinal roots orientation in humans. In this study we collected neuroanatomical measurements of the dorsal and ventral roots from C2-L5, as well as spinal cord and vertebral bone measurements from adult cadavers. Spatial orientation of dorsal and ventral
more » ... dorsal and ventral roots were measured and correlated to the anatomical landmarks of the spinal cord and vertebral column. The results show less variability in rostral root angles compared to the caudal angles across all segments. Dorsal and ventral rootlets were oriented mostly perpendicular to the spinal cord at the cervical level and demonstrate more parallel orientation at the thoracic and lumbar segments. The number of rootlets was the highest in dorsal cervical and lumbar segments. Spinal cord transverse diameter and size of the dorsal columns were largest at cervical and lumbar segments. The strongest correlation was found between the length of intervertebral foramen to rostral rootlet and vertebral bone length. These results could be used to locate spinal roots and spinal cord landmarks based on bone marks on CT or X-rays. These results also provide background for future correlations between anatomy of spinal cord and spinal column structures that could improve stereotactic surgical procedures and electrode positioning for spinal cord neuromodulation.
doi:10.1101/2020.01.31.928804 fatcat:2uxekr4zkjfaxh5r6dk2dyycsu