Time-evolution of magnetic field in hot nuclear matter with fluctuating topological charge

Kirill Tuchin
2020 Physical Review C  
The time-evolution of the magnetic field in hot homogeneous nuclear matter has two qualitatively different stages separated by the sphaleron transition time τ c . At early times, when the chiral conductivity σ χ is a slow function of time, the soft chiral modes k < σ χ of the magnetic field grow exponentially with time, which is known as the chiral instability. At later times σ χ fluctuates due to the sphaleron transitions and can be regarded as a random process. It is argued that the average
more » ... gnetic field is exponentially damped at later times. The time-evolution of the average field energy is more complicated and depends on the electrical conductivity of the chiral matter but does not depend on chirality. It exhibits instability only if the matter is a poor electrical conductor, such as the quark-gluon plasma near the critical temperature. The precise conditions for the instability and the growth rate of the unstable modes are derived.
doi:10.1103/physrevc.102.014908 fatcat:73tuklu7xvabzpuqz5gjuz5zka