Low pectoralis muscle index, cavitary nodule or mass and segmental to lobar consolidation as predictors of primary multidrug-resistant tuberculosis: A comparison with primary drug sensitive tuberculosis
The loss of muscle mass in primary multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has not been examined in previous studies. This study aimed to investigate that low pectoralis muscle index and characteristic CT features can help differentiate patients with primary MDR-TB from those with drug-sensitive tuberculosis (DS-TB). From 2010 to 2016, we retrospectively enrolled 90 patients with primary MDR-TB and 90 age- and sex-matched patients with primary DS-TB. The pectoralis muscle mass was
... ass was quantitatively measured on axial CT images using density histogram analysis. The pectoralis muscle index (PMI) was defined as the pectoralis muscle mass divided by body mass index. We compared the PMI and characteristic CT features of pulmonary tuberculosis between the two groups. Low PMI, segmental to lobar consolidation, cavity in consolidation, cavitary nodule or mass, and bilateral involvement were more frequently observed in patients with MDR-TB than in those with DS-TB. In stepwise multivariate logistic regression analysis, low PMI (odds ratio, 2.776; 95% confidence interval, 1.450-5.314; p = 0.002), segmental or lobar consolidation (odds ratio, 3.123; 95% confidence interval, 1.629-5.987; p = 0.001), and cavitary nodule or mass (odds ratio, 2.790; 95% confidence interval, 1.348-5.176; p = 0.002) were significant factors for MDR-TB. Low pectoralis muscle index, segmental to lobar consolidation and cavitary nodule or mass can help differentiate primary MDR-TB from DS-TB.