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Does climate influence phenological trends in social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespinae) in Poland?
European Journal of Entomology
Responses of insects to recent climate change have been well documented in a number of taxa, but not in wasps. This study examined shifts in phenology of the two most important wasp species (Vespa crabro and Vespula germanica) in Poland over the last three decades. Both species showed similar temporal trends, advancing their phenology after the early 1980s, but this pattern was detected only for workers not for the appearance of queens. The appearance times for V. germanica were negativelydoi:10.14411/eje.2010.027 fatcat:fglxqn225vcppfkcs5xtviq7ku