Bone-resorptive effects of endotoxincontaminated high-density polyethylene particles spontaneously eliminated in vivo

B. Skoglund, L. Larsson, P. A. Aspenberg
2002 The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery  
W ear particles commonly used for experiments may carry adherent endotoxin on their surfaces, which may be responsible for the observed effects. In this study, we attached titanium plates to the tibiae of 20 rats. After osseointegration, endotoxincontaminated or uncontaminated high-densitypolyethylene (HDPE) particles were applied. Contaminated specimens showed a dramatic resorption of bone after seven days but new bone filled the site again at 21 days. Uncontaminated specimens showed no
more » ... ion. In 18 rats we implanted intramuscularly discs of ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) with baseline or excess contamination of endotoxin. Excess endotoxin disappeared within 24 hours and the amount of endotoxin remained at baseline level (contamination from production). Uncontaminated titanium discs did not adsorb endotoxin in vivo. The endotoxin was measured by analytical chemistry. Locally-applied endotoxin stimulated bone resorption similarly to that in experiments with wear particles. Endotoxin on the surface of implants and particles appeared to be inactivated in situ. A clean implant surface did not adsorb endotoxin. Our results suggest that endotoxin adhering to orthopaedic implants is not a major cause for concern.
doi:10.1302/0301-620x.84b5.11775 pmid:12188502 fatcat:nl6p6duy3jdavcr56slkdly6dm