Pediatric Review: International Journal of Pediatric Research Clinicohematological profile of hemolytic anaemia in tertiary care hospital in rural Andhra Pradesh

Anusha, Sravanthi, Vijayalakshmi, Anusha Raavi, Lakshmi Nalluru, M Sravanthi, Assistant
2016 unpublished
Hemolytic anaemias are a group of disorders that cause significant morbidity in children. Method: A cross sectional study was conducted at NRI Medical College for a period of 1 year. All cases of newly diagnosed and old cases of hemolytic anaemia on follow up were included. Results: The study showed beta thalassemia as the most common hemolytic anaemia; followed by malaria, sickle beta thalassemia, thalassemia intermedia, beta thalassemia minor, Sickle cell disease, sickle cell trait, auto
more » ... ll trait, auto immune hemolytic anaemia, and hereditary spherocytosis. The mean hemoglobin at presentation was 5.39 gm/dl. Anthropometric measurements in 32 cases of congenital hemolytic anaemias revealed height < 3 rd centile in 9 cases. Weight less than 3 rd centile was seen in 11 cases. 13 children had hemolytic facies. Massive splenomegaly causing discomfort, gall stones, heart failure were seen in 2 cases each. In thalassemia major, 10 cases required frequent transfusions, [10-12 per year]. 9 came for less frequent transfusions [6 per year]. Sickle thalassemia, thalassemia intermedia, required one transfusion every 1-2 years. Occasional transfusions were given in sickle cell anaemia, hereditary spherocytosis. Serum ferritin levels varied between 220-1427. Conclusion: Hemoglobin electrophoresis remains the main investigation of choice in diagnosis of hemolytic anaemia. Thalassemia major is the most severe among other hemolytic anaemias encountered in this series. The study emphasizes the need to improve awareness regarding hemoglobinopathies among population, prenatal screening, blood transfusion policies, chelation policies to prevent complications in transfusion dependent patients.