A study on leakage current and electrical properties of oleic acid-coated cobalt-doped Mn-Zn ferrite nanocrystalline powders

M. Bhuvaneswari, S. Sendhilnathan, R. Tamilarasan, V. Sivakumar
2017 Journal of Analytical Science and Technology  
Mn-Zn ferrites have drawn a continuously an increasing interest because of their potential applications as multifunctional devices. These materials simultaneously exhibit ferroelectricity and ferromagnetism. The dielectric and leakage current properties of Cobalt substituted Mn-Zn ferrites coated with oleic acid were not reported. Methods: This paper presents the synthesis, electrical, and leakage properties of nanoparticles of cobalt-doped Mn-Zn ferrite [Co x Mn y Zn y Fe 2 O 4 (x = 0.1, 0.5,
more » ... nd 0.9 and y = 0.45, 0.25, and 0.05)] coated with oleic acid and prepared by chemical co-precipitation method. The crystal structure was determined by X-ray diffraction (XRD), the effect of strain on the electronic structure was analyzed using Williamson-Hall plot. Complex impedance spectroscopic analysis was carried out, and the impedance plots show the resistive and reactive parts of the impedance. Frequency dependence on AC conductivity was investigated for all the compositions, and leakage current properties were also studied. Results: The nanoparticles were found to have an average size of 13.62 nm. The average crystallite size (D aveXR ) of the precipitated particles found to decrease from 15.22 to 12.65 nm with increasing cobalt substitution. The presence of two semicircular arcs at the lower and higher frequency regions indicates the grain boundary conduction and grain conduction at room temperature. Leakage current density of the order of 10 -4 A/cm 2 (at field strength of 0.02 kV/cm) was observed for all compositions. Conclusion: The variation of the strain values from negative to positive indicates that the strain changes from compression to tensile. The dielectric permittivity was found to decrease from 10 4 to 10 3 with increase in frequency. The semicircle in the higher frequency region is attributed to the grain conduction of the materials, and the semicircle in the lower frequency region is due to the grain boundary conduction. Both the grain and grain boundary are found to be active at room temperature. AC conductivity is found to be compositional dependent.
doi:10.1186/s40543-017-0119-8 fatcat:hhkno7sujvbahgpl4dmqwom4pa