Measurement of genetic variation within and between Japanese quail lines using DNA fingerprinting

X. Ye, J. Zhu, S. G. Velleman, W. L. Bacon, K. E. Nestor
1998 Poultry Science  
Abbreviation Key: BS = band sharing; HP = subline of R1 selected for increased TPP; HW = subline of R1 selected for increased BW; HW-HP, HW-LP = sublines of HW in which males were selected for increased BW and females for increased (HW-HP) or decreased (HW-LP) TPP; LP = subline of R1 selected for decreased TPP; LW = subline of R1 selected for decreased BW; R1 = randombred control line; TPP = total plasma phosphorus. ABSTRACT The objective of the present experiment was to study genetic variation
more » ... within and among welldefined Japanese quail lines by DNA fingerprinting. The Japanese quail lines included a randombred control line (R1) and lines developed from R1 by divergent selection over 30 generations for 4-wk BW (HW, LW) and total plasma phosphorus (TPP) (HP, LP), a measure of yolk precursor in the blood. In addition, two sublines (HW-HP, HW-LP) of HW, developed in the ninth generation, were included in the analysis. Males of the sublines were selected for increased 4-wk BW whereas females were selected for increased (HW-HP) or decreased (HW-LP) TPP. Sixteen individual DNA samples per line were digested with HaeIII restriction enzyme and hybridized with Jeffreys' 33.6 probe. The DNA fingerprints were analyzed with computer programs designed to measure band sharing (BS). Within lines, BS ranged from 0.384 to 0.525. The BS within the R1 line was less than that of all selected lines, except for the HP and LP lines, indicating that, in general, selection had increased genetic homogeneity within the selected lines. Between lines, BS was less than within lines and the R1 line had the highest average level of BS (0.278) with the other lines. The BS between lines for the selected lines ranged from 0.230 to 0.308 with an average of 0.265. In the comparison of the R1 line with the selected lines, it appeared that selection for increased TPP or decreased BW may have influenced BS levels. The relationships of the HW line with its sublines (HW-HP and HW-LP) were not accurately predicted by the DNA fingerprinting technique used. All lines were separated, as indicated by the genetic distance between lines. (
doi:10.1093/ps/77.12.1755 pmid:9872574 fatcat:fnivwd7aunaejfl22qbagtjswq