TP53INP2 Promotes Bovine Adipocytes Differentiation Through Autophagy Activation

Weiyi Zhang, Peiwei Li, Shijie Wang, Gong Cheng, Li Wang, Xue Mi, Xiaotong Su, Yaning Wang, Linsen Zan
2019 Animals  
Tumor protein p53 inducible nuclear protein 2 (TP53INP2) is a key positive regulator of autophagy, and it has been shown to modulate adipocyte differentiation. However, the molecular mechanism involved in autophagy regulation during adipocyte differentiation has not been clarified. Our experiments were intended to investigate whether TP53INP2 is involved in the regulation of autophagy during bovine adipocyte differentiation and how TP53INP2 affects the differentiation of bovine adipocytes. In
more » ... r research, using RT-qPCR and Western blot methods, we found that the overexpression of TP53INP2 resulted in the upregulation of adipogenesis and autophagy-related genes, and autophagy flux and the degree of differentiation were detected by LipidTOX™ Deep Red Neutral Lipid staining and dansylcadaverine staining, respectively. The knockdown of TP53INP2 produced results that were the inverse of those produced by the overexpression of TP53INP2. Overall, our results suggested that TP53INP2 can activate autophagy during the early stage of differentiation in bovine adipocytes and positively regulate adipocyte differentiation by affecting autophagy. Additionally, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) also contributed to the function of TP53INP2 in modulating adipocyte differentiation.
doi:10.3390/ani9121060 pmid:31810209 pmcid:PMC6940805 fatcat:ythy23rcmjcgdeds7yt7hvlsci