Atmospheric CO2 inversions on the mesoscale using data-driven prior uncertainties: quantification of the European terrestrial CO2 fluxes

Panagiotis Kountouris, Christoph Gerbig, Christian Rödenbeck, Ute Karstens, Thomas F. Koch, Martin Heimann
2018 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics  
<p><strong>Abstract.</strong> Optimized biogenic carbon fluxes for Europe were estimated from high-resolution regional-scale inversions, utilizing atmospheric CO<sub>2</sub> measurements at 16 stations for the year 2007. Additional sensitivity tests with different data-driven error structures were performed. As the atmospheric network is rather sparse and consequently contains large spatial gaps, we use a priori biospheric fluxes to further constrain the inversions. The biospheric fluxes were
more » ... mulated by the Vegetation Photosynthesis and Respiration Model (VPRM) at a resolution of 0.1° and optimized against eddy covariance data. Overall we estimate an a priori uncertainty of 0.54<span class="thinspace"></span>GtC<span class="thinspace"></span>yr<sup>−1</sup> related to the poor spatial representation between the biospheric model and the ecosystem sites. The sink estimated from the atmospheric inversions for the area of Europe (as represented in the model domain) ranges between 0.23 and 0.38<span class="thinspace"></span>GtC<span class="thinspace"></span>yr<sup>−1</sup> (0.39 and 0.71<span class="thinspace"></span>GtC<span class="thinspace"></span>yr<sup>−1</sup> up-scaled to geographical Europe). This is within the range of posterior flux uncertainty estimates of previous studies using ground-based observations.</p>
doi:10.5194/acp-18-3047-2018 fatcat:otsllo6eqzb6jdi4ronfo3gmn4