Steric and Electronic Control of 1,3-Dipolar Cycloaddition Reactions in Carbon Nanotube Nanoreactors [component]

The use of single-walled carbon nanotubes as effective nanoreactors for preparative bimolecular reactions has been demonstrated for the first time. We show that the extreme spatial confinement of guest reactant molecules inside host carbon nanotubes increases the regioselectivity for the 1,4-triazole in thermally-initiated azide-alkyne cycloaddition reactions. Through comparison of the internal dimensions of the nanotube and the steric bulk of the reactants, we demonstrate that the formation of
more » ... the more linear 1,4-regioisomer can be enhanced by up to 55% depending on the extent of spatial restrictions imposed within the nanoreactors. Furthermore, through systematic variation of the substituents in the para-position of the alkyne reactants, we reveal the unexpected influence of the electronic properties of the reactants on the regioselectivity 2 of reactions within nanoreactors, which act to either oppose or promote the preferential formation of the 1,4-regioisomer induced by steric effects, reflecting the unique ability of carbon nanotubes to stabilise the dipole moment of confined reactants. Thus, we show that the observed regioselectivity of azide-alkyne cycloaddition reactions confined within carbon nanotube nanoreactors reflects a subtle interplay between both steric and electronic factors.
doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b01190.s001 fatcat:t6rutpb76zd6xblxxruc54x6yu