1/N resolution to inflationary η-problem

A. Ashoorioon, U. Danielsson, M.M. Sheikh-Jabbari
2012 Physics Letters B  
We observe that the dominant one loop contribution to the graviton propagator in the theory of N (N>>1) light scalar fields ϕ_a (with masses smaller than M_pl/√(N)) minimally coupled to Einstein gravity is proportional to N while that of graviton-scalar-scalar interaction vertex is N independent. We use this to argue that the coefficient of the Rϕ_a^2 term appearing at one loop level is 1/N suppressed. This observation provides a resolution to the η-problem, that the slow-roll parameter η
more » ... es order one quantum loop corrections for inflationary models built within the framework of scalar fields minimally coupled to Einstein gravity, for models involving large number of fields. As particular examples, we employ this to argue in favor of the absence of η-problem in M-flation and N-flation scenarios.
doi:10.1016/j.physletb.2012.06.034 fatcat:ahpeo2e3zzczzfx6qvtqzwtwfa