COMPARISON OF A RAPID ENZYME-LINKED IMMUNOSORBANT ASSAY TEST WITH AN INDIRECT IMMUNOFLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TEST IN DIAGNOSING EHRLICHIA AND ANAPLASMA INFECTIONS IN DOGS

Kr. Gospodinova, G. Zhelev, V. Petrov
2019 Trakia Journal of Sciences  
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to compare the diagnostic value of commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with indirect immunofluorescent antibody test (IFA) in detecting immunoglobulin-G (IgG) antibodies to Ehrlichia canis and Anaplasma phagocytophilum. METHODS: Seventy-four serum samples, obtained from dogs believed to be naturally infected with E. canis or A. phagocytophilum, were analyzed. RESULTS: By ELISA, 48 (64.9%) samples were found positive for IgG to E. canis,
more » ... IgG to E. canis, 10 (13.5%) to A. phagocytophilum, 12 (16.2%) to both E. canis and A. phagocytophilum, and in 4 (5.4%) samples no presence of antibodies was detected. The number of serologically positive dogs for IgG was 44 (59.5%) to E. canis, 10 (13.5%) to A. phagocytophilum, 16 (21.6%) to both E. canis and A. phagocytophilum, and 4 (5.4%) were determined negative by means of IFA. In most samples the antibody titer did not exceed 1:80 but in 5 it reached a level of 1:320, and in other 4 of even above 1:640. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that IFA assay is more sensitive than commercial ELISA rapid test when serum antibody titers are low.
doi:10.15547//tjs.2019.04.009 fatcat:7ggfucbcuvehhl4syeyyrnvaby