Electrophysiological responses to negative evaluative person-knowledge: Effects of individual differences

Claudia Krasowski, Sebastian Schindler, Maximilian Bruchmann, Robert Moeck, Thomas Straube
2021 Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience  
AbstractFaces transmit rich information about a unique personal identity. Recent studies examined how negative evaluative information affects event-related potentials (ERPs), the relevance of individual differences, such as trait anxiety, neuroticism, or agreeableness, for these effects is unclear. In this preregistered study, participants (N = 80) were presented with neutral faces, either associated with highly negative or neutral biographical information. Faces were shown under three
more » ... task conditions that varied the attentional focus on face-unrelated features, perceptual face information, or emotional information. Results showed a task-independent increase of the N170 component for faces associated with negative information, while interactions occurred for the Early Posterior Negativity (EPN) and the Late Positive Potential (LPP), showing ERP differences only when paying attention to the evaluative information. Trait anxiety and neuroticism did not influence ERP differences. Low agreeableness increased EPN differences during perceptual distraction. Thus, we observed that low agreeableness leads to early increased processing of potentially hostile faces, although participants were required to attend to a face-unrelated feature.
doi:10.3758/s13415-021-00894-w pmid:33846952 fatcat:bthdozokhfbb3kn6ctn73muct4