TrkC Binds to the Bone Morphogenetic Protein Type II Receptor to Suppress Bone Morphogenetic Protein Signaling

W. Jin, C. Yun, H.-S. Kim, S.-J. Kim
2007 Cancer Research  
TrkC, a member of the tropomyosin-related kinase (Trk) family of neurotrophin receptors, is implicated in the growth and survival of human cancer tissues. TrkC is also a potent oncoprotein expressed in tumors derived from multiple cell lineages, and functions as an active protein tyrosine kinase by neurotrophin-3 (NT-3). We previously reported that TrkC plays an essential role in tumor growth and metastasis in a murine cancer cell line. Here, we report that expression of TrkC suppresses bone
more » ... suppresses bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2)induced Smad1 phosphorylation and transcriptional activation. In the highly metastatic CT26 murine colon cancer cell line, which expresses endogenous TrkC, silencing TrkC expression by small interfering RNA significantly enhanced BMP-2-induced Smad1 phosphorylation and restored BMP-2 growth inhibitory activity. In contrast, expression of TrkC in RIE-1 cells, in which TrkC is not expressed, completely suppressed BMP-2 transcriptional activation. Furthermore, we showed that TrkC directly binds to the BMP type II receptor (BMPRII), thereby preventing it from interacting with the BMPRI. This activity requires a functional TrkC protein tyrosine kinase, and the BMPRII seems to be a direct target of TrkC. Our findings provide evidence for a previously unknown mechanism by which TrkC, a neuronal receptor, can block BMP tumor-suppressor activity.
doi:10.1158/0008-5472.can-07-0436 pmid:17942918 fatcat:mfeysyb33nckhanntafgo7azce