Chronic cold stress-induced alterations in brush border membrane composition and enzyme activities in rat intestine

Susmita Kaushik, Pawan Kaler, Jyotdeep Kaur
2003 Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics  
The effect of chronic cold stress on the composition and function of rat intestinal brush border membrane (BBM) was studied. Various lipid fractions from intestinal BBM viz. cholesterol (p < 0.01), phospholipids (p < 0.01), triglycerides (p < 0.05) and gangliosides (p < 0.05) were significantly reduced in cold stressed animals, as compared to controls. Analysis of membrane saccharide content revealed a significant increase in sialic acid (25%) and hexosamine (36%) contents and a reduction in
more » ... d a reduction in fucose (19%) content in cold stressed rats. Determination of various enzyme activities in BBM showed significantly enhanced activities of alkaline phosphatase ( p < 0.01), lactase ( p < 0.001) and leucine aminopeptidase ( p < 0.001), whereas sucrase activity was reduced ( p < 0.05) under these conditions. The magnitude and site of these alterations across the crypt-villus axis varied from enzyme to enzyme. These findings suggest that chronic cold stress results in profound alterations in intestinal BBM. Altered structure and function of intestinal BBM may play a role in stress-induced derangements in gastrointestinal tract.
pmid:22900308 fatcat:udt3s4ou4bbc7faajbe35mkjfy