Event-Driven Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Hard-Sphere Gas Flows in Microchannels

Volkan Ramazan Akkaya, Ilyas Kandemir
2015 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
Classical solution of Navier-Stokes equations with nonslip boundary condition leads to inaccurate predictions of flow characteristics of rarefied gases confined in micro/nanochannels. Therefore, molecular interaction based simulations are often used to properly express velocity and temperature slips at high Knudsen numbers (Kn) seen at dilute gases or narrow channels. In this study, an event-driven molecular dynamics (EDMD) simulation is proposed to estimate properties of hard-sphere gas flows.
more » ... Considering molecules as hard-spheres, trajectories of the molecules, collision partners, corresponding interaction times, and postcollision velocities are computed deterministically using discrete interaction potentials. On the other hand, boundary interactions are handled stochastically. Added to that, in order to create a pressure gradient along the channel, an implicit treatment for flow boundaries is adapted for EDMD simulations. Shear-Driven (Couette) and Pressure-Driven flows for various channel configurations are simulated to demonstrate the validity of suggested treatment. Results agree well with DSMC method and solution of linearized Boltzmann equation. At low Kn, EDMD produces similar velocity profiles with Navier-Stokes (N-S) equations and slip boundary conditions, but as Kn increases, N-S slip models overestimate slip velocities.
doi:10.1155/2015/842837 fatcat:ibesv5limnbr5ce6ym6dxbudyq