Regional aspects of the development of mineral resources (using the Trans-Baikal Territory as an example)

Ol'ga Nikolaevna GUROVA, Institute of Natural Resources, Ecology and Cryology of the Siberian Branch of RAS
2020 Izvestiâ Uralʹskogo Gosudarstvennogo Gornogo Universiteta  
Relevance. The Trans-Baikal Territory is one of the richest in Russia in terms of reserves of mineral resources. Explored reserves of mineral resources of the region for many types of minerals are of national and strategic importance and are sources of meeting the country's needs. The region's work is aimed at attracting investors, including foreign ones, for the development of mineral resources and the development of infrastructure. The border neighborhood with China contributed to the fact
more » ... t it became the main foreign economic partner of the Trans-Baikal Territory. The development of mining enterprises with the involvement of local labor resources in this process is an important task for solving socio-economic problems. The purpose of the work is to analyze the development of mineral resources of the southeast of the region and the results of cross-border interaction in the field of mineral resources. Comparative geographic analysis, statistical data analysis and the cartographic method were used. Results. The overview material on the state and the development of mineral resources in the southeast of the Transbaikal Territory with the results of cross-border interaction are presented. Conclusions. High dependence of the mineral resource complex on market conditions, a long period of return on investments adversely affect the development of the mineral resources of the region. In the post-perestroika period of field development in the region, the presence of a foreign investor from the countries of the Asia-Pacific region did not lead to the successful implementation of projects and did not have a significant positive impact on the socio-economic growth of the areas of their development. The presence of a large Russian investor, such as no.rilsk Nickel, ensured the success of the development project, but just one of the deposits.
doi:10.21440/2307-2091-2020-2-188-195 fatcat:ikuvmwdfuvhpjdobye5l75lj74