Superconducting circuit probe for analog quantum simulators

Liang-Hui Du, J. Q. You, Lin Tian
2015 Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics  
Analog quantum simulators can be used to study quantum correlation in novel many-body systems by emulating the Hamiltonian of these systems. One essential question in quantum simulation is to probe the properties of an emulated many-body system. Here we present a circuit QED scheme for probing such properties by measuring the spectrum of a superconducting resonator coupled to a quantum simulator. We first study a general framework of this approach, and show that the spectrum of the resonator is
more » ... of the resonator is directly related to the correlation function of the coupling operator between the resonator and the simulator. We then apply this scheme to a simulator of the transverse field Ising model implemented with superconducting qubits, where the resonance peaks in the resonator spectrum correspond to the frequencies of the elementary excitations. The effects of resonator damping, qubit decoherence, and resonator backaction are also discussed. This setup can be used to probe a broad range of many-body models.
doi:10.1103/physreva.92.012330 fatcat:ff2fptbfz5hunoyiz6rctpaxgi