Vortex quasi-crystals in mesoscopic superconducting samples [article]

Wei Zhang, Carlos Sa de Melo
2007 arXiv   pre-print
There seems to be a one to one correspondence between the phases of atomic and molecular matter (AMOM) and vortex matter (VM) in superfluids and superconductors. Crystals, liquids and glasses have been experimentally observed in both AMOM and VM. Here, we propose a vortex quasi-crystal state which can be stabilized due to boundary and surface energy effects for samples of special shapes and sizes. For finite sized pentagonal samples, it is proposed that a phase transition between a vortex
more » ... l and a vortex quasi-crystal occurs as a function of magnetic field and temperature as the sample size is reduced.
arXiv:cond-mat/0703421v1 fatcat:bt43wjpqkvdvbi4edcgl2btazu