Exploring the Intersection of Chronic Disease, Function, and Social Care in Adult Day Care Clients With Dementia

Tina Sadarangani, Jonelle Boafo, Bei Wu, Abraham Brody, Gary Yu
2021 Innovation in aging  
The interrelationships among dementia, concomitant disease, and social determinants of health are poorly understood and have critical implications for disease course, treatments, and caregiving needs. The aim of this study was to identify patterns of co-occurring chronic conditions among persons with dementia and the relationship of these patterns with clinical characteristics, demographic predictors and functional status. A latent class analysis (LCA) was conducted using data from 53
more » ... adult day centers (n=3,053). Four distinct groups emerged: "dementia only"; "dementia +: > 2; + > 3; + >5 chronic conditions. Having dementia + >5 was associated (p <.001) with greater risk of falls, isolation, medication mismanagement, and reduced likelihood of using an adaptive device. Dementia in day center clients is complicated by clinical conditions, functional decline, and a need for supports that may be lacking. Center staff must be trained and resourced to manage the complex needs of persons with dementia.
doi:10.1093/geroni/igab046.319 fatcat:rdov6ybiwfdczngsrujkfumxmu