Quantum spin Hall effect and spin-charge separation in a kagomé lattice
New Journal of Physics
A two-dimensional kagome lattice is theoretically investigated within a simple tight-binding model, which includes the nearest neighbor hopping term and the intrinsic spin-orbit interaction between the next nearest neighbors. By using the topological winding properties of the spin-edge states on the complex-energy Riemann surface, the spin Hall conductance is obtained to be quantized as -e/2π (e/2π) in insulating phases. This result keeps consistent with the numerical linear-response
... and the Z_2 topological invariance analysis. When the sample boundaries are connected in twist, by which two defects with π flux are introduced, we obtain the spin-charge separated solitons at 1/3 (or 2/3) filling.