Assessment of Optimum CaO Content Range for High Volume FA Based Concrete Considering Durability Properties
There have been many studies on the effect of durability and compressive strength on the increase of the mixing rate of admixtures. However, there is no research that can provide a guide on the optimal mixture proportions for maintaining compressive strength and secure durability properties when using local materials. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to assess the durability and engineering performances of concrete based on local fly ash (FA), as well as to derive the optimum CaO
... e optimum CaO content scope for ensuring durability. The results of this study were compared with the results of the previous study of high-volume ground-granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBFS) concrete. To achieve this, tests were carried out by increasing the admixture mixing rate in 10% increments from 0% to 70%. The unit water was set at 175 kg/m3 and the amount of binder was set at 330 kg/m3. It was found that the overall compressive strength of the hardened concrete decreased when the admixture mixing rate increased. In addition, the compressive strength of specimens tended to improve as all the CaO contents of the admixture types increased. When the durability properties were examined, it was found that the relative dynamic elasticity modulus and carbonation depth decreased, and the chloride penetration depth increased as the CaO content increased for both GGBFS and FA. The weight loss rate, however, remained similar. Based on the results of this study, the optimal CaO content that achieved satisfactory engineering and durability properties was found to be between 39% and 48% for FA. The results of this study will be able to offer guidelines for the mixture rates of FA when mixing durable concrete for use in the field. Additionally, these results are expected to be utilized as a basis for determining instructions relating to chemical composition in order to develop binders with improved durability.