IL-4 inhibits regulatory T cells differentiation by HDAC9-mediated epigenetic regulation

Jikai Cui, Heng Xu, Jizhang Yu, Yuan Li, Zhang Chen, Yanqiang Zou, Xi Zhang, Yifan Du, Jiahong Xia, Jie Wu
2021 Cell Death and Disease  
AbstractRegulatory T cells play a crucial role in orchestrating immune response and maintaining immune tolerance, and the expression of the Foxp3 gene is indispensable to the differentiation of regulatory T cells. IL-4 shows strong inhibitory effects on Foxp3 expression and regulatory T cells differentiation, but the detailed mechanisms are still unclear. Here, we revealed that epigenetic modulations are key to this process. Specifically, the inhibition was found to be STAT6 dependent, and
more » ... was involved with the process of histone deacetylation at the Foxp3 locus, subsequently decreasing chromatin accessibility and Foxp3 gene transcription. Pan-histone deacetylation inhibitors, especially sodium butyrate, notably abolished the inhibitory effects of IL-4 and ameliorated allergic airway inflammation in mouse models. Our research provides important mechanistic insights into how IL-4 inhibits regulatory T cells differentiation and suggests the therapeutic potential of the sodium butyrate in allergic airway disease.
doi:10.1038/s41419-021-03769-7 pmid:34006836 fatcat:lndvm3g7xfctlh2thgpklqmbpm