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Purpose] We investigated the changes in strength of the lumbar area and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) of HNP patients in their early recovery stage after surgery before and after performance of an exercise program, minimal walking, or no exercise. [Subjects] Ninety-six (men=54, women=42) HNP patients who had received surgery were divided into 3 groups: the self-stretching and strengthening exercise group (SG), the walking group (WG), and the control group (CG). CG conducted no exercise.doi:10.1589/jpts.24.165 fatcat:4w5mifwmxzcwfkzcxqtotyhfqi