Capability Assessment for Readiness (CAR)

Dianna Hampton
2000 Prehospital and Disaster Medicine  
The [U.S.]Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the National Emergency Management Association (NEMA) are working together aggressively to reduce losses from disasters. As an important component of this effort, FEMA and NEMA joined together in 1997 to develop the CAR, an assessment process and tool that States, Territories, and Insular Areas can use to evaluate their own operational readiness and capabilities in emergency management. The CAR was implemented first in 1997 and has matured
more » ... into a sophisticated and accepted, automated, self-assessment tool that helps the States, Territories, and Insular Areas establish sound mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery practices, establish priorities, and analyze program performance. The CAR was revised after its initial implementation in 1997, and a second self-assessment is underway this year. The CAR is available in automated or manual versions and is divided into 13 Emergency Management Functions (EMF) common to emergency management programs: 1) laws and authorities; 2) hazard identification and risk assessment; 3) mitigation; 4) resource management; 5) planning; 6) direction, control, and coordination; 7) communications and warning; 8) operations and procedures; 9) logistics and facilities; 10) training; 11) exercises, evaluation, and corrective actions; 12) crisis communications, public education, and information; and 13) finance and administration. Each EMF is divided into broad criteria called attributes, and the attributes are subdivided further into more detailed criteria called characteristics, to facilitate the selfassessment. Using the CAR, the States will develop a selfprofile of strengths and weaknesses in their emergency management programs that then can be used for strategic planning and budgeting. The FEMA uses the aggregate data from this process to produce a national report. Work is underway to develop a CAR process for local jurisdictions and Indian Tribal Governments to use in assessing their emergency management programs.
doi:10.1017/s1049023x0003106x fatcat:xl7ke7iiiraznnevtsmkfr4dai