Dissociation of liner from cup in THA: does liner damage affect the risk of dissociation?

Nicholas Andreas Beckmann, Mareike Schonhoff, Johannes Dominik Bastian, Tobias Renkawitz, Sebastian Jaeger
INTRODUCTION A rare catastrophic failure of modular component Total Hip Arthroplasty is dissociation between liner and cup, which has been associated with component malposition and/or impingement and seems to be more frequently associated with the Pinnacle system. The goal of this study was to evaluate the resistance of a polyethylene liner to lever-out-forces of the Pinnacle locking mechanism and the locking mechanisms of two other current cup/liner systems using a standardized testing method
more » ... ASTM). MATERIALS AND METHODS Five of each of the following cups were evaluated with their corresponding polyethylene liners: Pinnacle Multihole cup with and without intact anti-rotation tabs (ART's); Allofit-S-Alloclassic and Plasmafit Plus7 cups. The ASTM test set-up was used to evaluate the lever-out force resulting in liner dissociation for each construct. RESULTS The Pinnacle construct with intact ARTs required the greatest force (F) to achieve dissociation (263.2 ± 79.2 N) followed by the Plasmafit Plus7 (185.8 ± 36.9 N) and the Allofit-S (101.4 ± 35.3 N) constructs, respectively. However, after removal of the ARTs, the Pinnacle system required the least force to achieve dissociation (75.1 ± 22.2 N) (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS The intact Pinnacle system appeared the most stable in lever-out tests when compared to the other systems. However, after removal of the ARTs, the Pinnacle system required the least force for dissociation, consistent with locking mechanism failure, and suggesting that the ARTs are a critical component of the locking mechanism. Our findings are consistent with the clinical experience of dissociated Pinnacle constructs displaying damaged or missing ARTs, and that damage to these may increase risk of liner dissociation.
doi:10.48350/171109 fatcat:hkoyvmxdzfgzdpbx4u7dvevn5u