Determinants of Protests: Longitudinal Evidence from Ukraine's Orange Revolution

Carlos Bozzoli, Tilman Brück
2010 Social Science Research Network  
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more » ... von diesen Nutzungsbedingungen die in der dort genannten Lizenz gewährten Nutzungsrechte. -Domeque for helpful comments. Natalia Weishaar actively participated in the design and testing of the political participation module, on which most of this work is based. Last, but not least, Alexandra Avdeenko provided excellent research assistance. Abstract This paper is the first study that analyzes the drivers of political protest using longitudinal data from a critical revolution that changed -at least temporarily-the political landscape in a transition country. We make use of a rich dataset consisting of panel data collected before and after the so called "Orange" revolution in Ukraine. Our empirical approach tackles two different -and equally interesting-features of the revolution: the determinants of participation (both in the protests and counter-protests) and the "selection" of participants into different levels of involvement (i.e. intensity of participation). We consider different drivers of participation, from traditional proxies for opportunities and grievances, but we also analyze the role of political and economic preferences, risk tolerance, life satisfaction, and indicators of network connectivity. What emerges from this study is a more nuanced pattern of participation that does not link uniquely to a single theoretical model. JEL Classification: P20, D74
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1650592 fatcat:llhx7ngixrfjzf5lnxtptf5kvq