Assessment of 21 years of Arctic Ocean Absolute Sea Level Trends (1995–2015) [post]

Carsten Ankjær Ludwigsen, Ole Baltazar Andersen, Stine Kildegaard Rose
2020 unpublished
Abstract. The Arctic Ocean is at the frontier of the fast changing climate in the northern latitudes. As the first study, we assess the different mass and steric components of the observed sea level trend from both absolute sea level (ASL) from altimetry and tide gauges, without using gravimetric observations from GRACE. This approach permits a longer time series and avoids problems with errors from leakage effects in GRACE-products. ASL is equal to mass-driven sea level added with steric sea
more » ... d with steric sea level, while tide gauge based sea level are also corrected with novel estimates of vertical land movement. Calculations of the mass component from present-day deglaciation, shows that deglaciation rises Arctic sea level with more than 1 mm y−1, while the steric contribution is between −5 and 15 mm y−1 with large spatial variability, with the halosteric signal dominating the pattern. A dynamic mass contribution is derived from the Estimating Circulation and Climate of the Oceans (ECCO)-model (version 4 release 4), which varies between −1 and 2 mm y−1. The combined mass and steric product agrees (within uncertainty) with ASL-trends observed from altimetry in 99 % of the Arctic, although large uncertainties originate from poor data coverage in the steric data and large variability in the dynamic product. A comparison with ASL trends observed at tide gauges agrees with mass+steric at 11 of 12 tide gauge sites.
doi:10.5194/os-2020-87 fatcat:o3qv2v4v4rdezlg7preppizlla