Integrated Healthcare Delivery and Telemedicine: Existing Legal Impediments in India

Chhavi Sharma, Reeta Sony, Meera Mathew
2021 Legal Issues in the Digital Age  
Technological innovation and development in the healthcare sector have cast the foundations for the growth of telemedicine. Telemedicine uses remote virtual channels to deliver healthcare services to regions in the rural and urban belts. The advantages of telemedicine include timely access to healthcare: in many cases, it would be difficult to provide timely healthcare services in the absence of telemedicine. In remote healthcare, telemedicine has been especially helpful in areas with scarce
more » ... lthcare services. Telemedicine is not an autonomous service; rather, it is subject to different regulations of a complex ethical and medico-legal nature. The Constitution of India states that healthcare services are largely the responsibility of state governments as per item 6 "Public health and sanitation; hospitals and dispensaries" of the State List under Schedule 7 of the Constitution. However, the central government provides the framework for health policy and planning. In particular, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of India (MoHFW) is responsible for initiating the digitization of healthcare. In January 2020, the NDHB promulgated the comprehensive architectural framework of the "Federated National Health Information System." This framework is directed towards linking public and private healthcare organizations across all the value chains of primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare. Furthermore, on 25 th March 2020 after the unexpected
doi:10.17323/2713-2749.2021.3.98.125 fatcat:le6lhs5pgzdlddmgz4xd764pj4