Applications of Microbial Laccases: Patent Review of the Past Decade (2009–2019)

Zerva, Simić, Topakas, Nikodinovic-Runic
2019 Catalysts  
There is a high number of well characterized, commercially available laccases with different redox potentials and low substrate specificity, which in turn makes them attractive for a vast array of biotechnological applications. Laccases operate as batteries, storing electrons from individual substrate oxidation reactions to reduce molecular oxygen, releasing water as the only by-product. Due to society's increasing environmental awareness and the global intensification of bio-based economies,
more » ... e biotechnological industry is also expanding. Enzymes such as laccases are seen as a better alternative for use in the wood, paper, textile, and food industries, and they are being applied as biocatalysts, biosensors, and biofuel cells. Almost 140 years from the first description of laccase, industrial implementations of these enzymes still remain scarce in comparison to their potential, which is mostly due to high production costs and the limited control of the enzymatic reaction side product(s). This review summarizes the laccase applications in the last decade, focusing on the published patents during this period.
doi:10.3390/catal9121023 fatcat:5rwz273oprgvhcwfa6mzznouci