Klebsiella pneumoniaeLiver Abscess Complicated With Septic Pulmonary Embolism

Jae Ryung Yi, Yeop Yoon, Yu Na Jung, Hee Sook Lee, Gi Ho Jo, Ina Jeong
2013 Journal of the Korean Geriatrics Society  
Klebsiella pneumoniae has been reported to be the most common pathogen causing pyogenic liver abscess. K. pneumoniae liver abscess occurs fairly often in patients with diabetes mellitus, and is commonly associated with metastatic infections such as brain abscess, endophthalmitis, lung abscess, osteomyelitis, prostatitis, necrotizing fasciitis and infection in other sites. Although septic pulmonary embolism (SPE) is uncommon, it is a serious metastatic complication of K. pneumoniae liver
more » ... Chest computed tomography (CT) scans are crucial in making the early diagnosis of SPE; however, it does not provide the basis for a definitive diagnosis. A 70-year-old man was referred to the Department of Pulmonology due to cough and an abnormal chest radiography. The chest CT scans revealed relatively well-demarcated, round multiple nodules with peripheral preponderance, cavitary mass in the right upper lobe of the lung and low-density hepatic cystic masses. Bronchoscopic examination and percutaneous needle aspiration of the lung were performed, but there was no evidence of malignancy. Finally, K. pneumoniae was grown from a bronchial washing specimen and blood culture. Intravenous carbapenem was administered over a 3-week period and follow-up CT scans showed improvement in both the lung and the liver. We report a case of K. pneumoniae liver abscess complicated with SPE requiring differential diagnosis of hematogenous metastatic malignancy on CT scans in an elderly patient.
doi:10.4235/jkgs.2013.17.4.239 fatcat:x4mn2unjjzfrrn22rmwhlo62xe