Peptide Hormone Modulation of a Neuronally Modulated Motor Circuit

Matthew S. Kirby, Michael P. Nusbaum
2007 Journal of Neurophysiology  
Kirby MS, Nusbaum MP. Peptide hormone modulation of a neuronally modulated motor circuit. mically active motor circuits are influenced by neuronally released and circulating hormone modulators, but there are few systems in which the influence of a peptide hormone modulator on a neuronally modulated motor circuit has been determined. We performed such an analysis in the isolated crab stomatogastric nervous system by assessing the influence of the hormone crustacean cardioactive peptide (CCAP) on
more » ... the gastric mill (chewing) rhythm elicited by identified modulatory projection neurons. The gastric mill circuit is located in the stomatogastric ganglion. In situ, this ganglion is located within the ophthalmic artery and thus is in the path of circulating hormones such as CCAP. Focally-applied CCAP directly excited some gastric mill neurons, including the gastric mill central pattern generator neurons LG and Int1, but it did not elicit a sustained gastric mill rhythm. At concentrations as low as 10 Ϫ10 M, however, CCAP did influence gastric mill rhythms elicited by coactivating the projection neurons MCN1 and CPN2 and by selectively stimulating MCN1. In both cases, CCAP slowed this rhythm by selectively prolonging the protraction phase, although its influence on the MCN1-elicited rhythm was limited to those with relatively brief cycle periods. Interestingly, CCAP also reduced the threshold MCN1 firing frequency for activating the gastric mill rhythm. Last, the gastric mill neurons that exhibited altered activity during these CCAP-influenced rhythms did not correspond completely to the set of CCAP-responsive neurons. These results highlight the ability of hormonal modulation to enhance the flexibility provided by the neuronal modulation of rhythmically active motor circuits.
doi:10.1152/jn.00795.2006 pmid:17913987 fatcat:dqk7ozevc5cvbcim535vfbluta