Downregulation of ClpR2 Leads to Reduced Accumulation of the ClpPRS Protease Complex and Defects in Chloroplast Biogenesis in Arabidopsis

A. Rudella
2006 The Plant Cell  
Plastids contain tetradecameric Clp protease core complexes, with five ClpP Ser-type proteases, four nonproteolytic ClpR, and two associated ClpS proteins. Accumulation of total ClpPRS complex decreased twofold to threefold in an Arabidopsis thaliana T-DNA insertion mutant in CLPR2 designated clpr2-1. Differential stable isotope labeling of the ClpPRS complex with iTRAQ revealed a fivefold reduction in assembled ClpR2 accumulation and twofold to fivefold reductions in the other subunits. A
more » ... :(his) 6 fusion protein that incorporated into the chloroplast ClpPRS complex fully complemented clpr2-1. The reduced accumulation of the ClpPRS protease complex led to a pale-green phenotype with delayed shoot development, smaller chloroplasts, decreased thylakoid accumulation, and increased plastoglobule accumulation. Stromal ClpC1 and 2 were both recruited to the thylakoid surface in clpr2-1. The thylakoid membrane of clpr2-1 showed increased carotenoid content, partial inactivation of photosystem II, and upregulated thylakoid proteases and stromal chaperones, suggesting an imbalance in chloroplast protein homeostasis and a well-coordinated network of proteolysis and chaperone activities. Interestingly, a subpopulation of PsaF and several light-harvesting complex II proteins accumulated in the thylakoid with unprocessed chloroplast transit peptides. We conclude that ClpR2 cannot be functionally replaced by other ClpP/R homologues and that the ClpPRS complex is central to chloroplast biogenesis, thylakoid protein homeostasis, and plant development.
doi:10.1105/tpc.106.042861 pmid:16766689 fatcat:67kysoaeivf35pbbibqgywqwmy