Understanding the Early Evolution of COVID-19 Disease Spread Using Mathematical Model and Machine Learning Approaches

Samuel Oladimeji Sowol, Abdullahi Adinoyi Ibrahim, Daouda Sangare, Ismaila Omeiza Ibrahim, Francis I. Johnson
2020 Global Journal of Science Frontier Research  
In response to the global COVID-19 pandemic, this work aims to understand the early time evolution and the spread of the disease outbreak with a data driven approach. To this effect, we applied Susceptible- Infective-Recovered/Removed (SIR) epidemiological model on the disease. Additionally, we used the Machine Learning linear regression model on the historical COVID-19 data to predict the earlier stage of the disease. The evolution of the disease spread with the Mathematical SIR model and
more » ... ne Learning regression model for time series forecasting of the COVID-19 data without, and with lags and trends, was able to capture the early spread of the disease. Consequently, we suggest that if using a more advanced epidemiological model, and sophisticated machine learning regression models on the COVID-19 data, we can understand, as well as predict the long time evolution of the disease spread.
doi:10.34257/gjsfrfvol20is5pg19 fatcat:xlbo2wfqpfg3lkhoh7la6xsplq