Assessment of tube current modulation in pelvic CT

G R Iball, D S Brettle, A C Moore
2006 British Journal of Radiology  
An anatomically shaped polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) phantom was used to assess the effect of the Siemens CARE Dose mA modulation system on pelvic CT scans. The effect of the system on absorbed dose to air, image percentage noise and the signal to noise ratio of clinically relevant details was assessed. The signal to noise ratio was calculated using Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and distilled water inserts; PTFE was used to represent bony structure and distilled water was used to represent
more » ... ed to represent soft tissue abscess. Pelvis protocols identified from local hospitals and the UK CT Dose Survey (2002) , were assessed and compared with those provided by Siemens Medical (UK). These protocols were tested on a Siemens Sensation 4 CT scanner, both with and without CARE Dose. Results were obtained which showed that dose savings were possible with no significant increase in image noise. Dose reductions were 8% in the lateral positions in the phantom and 42% in the centre, top and bottom. The calculated "CTDIvol" was 32% lower with CARE Dose than without CARE Dose. This is slightly greater than the 25% change in the effective mAs values that was found. This implies that the reduction in the effective mAs values is a reasonable predictor of the total reduction in absorbed dose to air, whilst slightly underestimating the actual change. The results also showed a non-significant trend towards decreased signal to noise ratios for clinically relevant CT numbers when CARE Dose was activated. This suggests that tube current modulation may detrimentally affect signal detection due to changes in image noise.
doi:10.1259/bjr/50019934 pmid:16421407 fatcat:ini42jrwubhhzkim4bhwkdr5ji