Human cytomegalovirus infection inhibits epidermal growth factor (EGF) signalling by targeting EGF receptors

J. A. Fairley, J. H. Sinclair, J. Baillie, M. Bain
2002 Journal of General Virology  
Infection with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is known to involve complex interactions between viral and cellular factors resulting in perturbation of a number of cellular functions. Specifically, HCMV infection targets control of the cell cycle, cellular transcription and immunoregulation, presumably to optimize the cellular environment for virus persistence and productive infection. Here, we show that HCMV infection also prevents external signalling to the cell by disrupting the function of
more » ... the function of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Infection with HCMV resulted in a decrease in cell-surface expression of EGFR. This decrease was correlated with a concomitant decrease in steady-state levels of EGFR protein. Consistent with this, HCMV inhibited EGF-mediated receptor autophosphorylation. Infection with a mutant HCMV deleted of all viral gene products known to be involved in down-regulation of MHC Class I receptors still resulted in this down-regulation, implying that EGFR down-regulation by HCMV is mediated by a novel virus function. We suggest that a primary goal of HCMV is to ' isolate ' the infected cell from host-mediated signals so that the cell responds solely to an array of virus-specific signals which optimize the cell for virus production.
doi:10.1099/0022-1317-83-11-2803 pmid:12388817 fatcat:2ldncu3o2fb6jh7imtwh6a3lom