Identification of T Cell–Mediated Vascular Rejection After Kidney Transplantation by the Combined Measurement of 5 Specific MicroRNAs in Blood

Mareen Matz, Katharina Fabritius, Christine Lorkowski, Michael Dürr, Jens Gaedeke, Pawel Durek, Joachim R. Grün, Anne Goestemeyer, Friederike Bachmann, Kaiyin Wu, Birgit Rudolph, Danilo Schmidt (+8 others)
2016 Transplantation  
Background. MicroRNAs (miRNAs, miR) hold important roles in the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Their function has been correlated with kidney disease, and they might represent a new class of biomarkers for frequent evaluation of renal graft status. We analyzed their potential in identifying severe T cell-mediated vascular rejection (TCMVR) (Banff 4-II/III) in kidney transplanted patients. Methods. Microarray experiments and semiquantitative real-time reverse transcription
more » ... rse transcription polymerase chain reaction were performed with total RNA isolated from blood cells of kidney graft recipients. Initial microarray analysis revealed 23 differentially expressed miRNAs distinguishing patients with TCMVR from patients with stable grafts. From these, we validated and further determined the expression of 6 differentially expressed miRNAs and 2 control miRNAs in 161 samples from patients with T cell-mediated rejection (Banff 3-Borderline, Banff 4-I/II/III), Banff-2 antibody-mediated rejection, Banff-5 interstitial fibrosis/ tubular atrophy, in samples from stable patients and in samples from patients with urinary tract infection using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Results. Expression levels of all 6 candidate miRNAs were significantly downregulated in blood of TCMVR patients compared to the other groups and displayed high sensitivities and specificities for diagnosing TCMVR. The combination of 5 miRNAs, identified by an unbiased multivariate logistic regression followed by cross-validation, enhanced the sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of TCMVR after renal transplantation. Conclusions. The combined measurement of miRNA-15B, miRNA-16, miRNA-103A, miRNA-106A, and miRNA-107 may help to better identify TCMVR after renal transplantation in a precise and clinically applicable way. (Transplantation 2015;00: 00-00) A lthough the incidence of rejection episodes after renal transplantation has decreased due to advanced clinical care, improved immunosuppressive regimen, and HLA matching, the development of new noninvasive diagnostic strategies is still essential for a more individualized therapy that allows an optimization of cost:benefit:risk ratios and an improvement of the long-term outcome. Especially, immunological processes leading to vascular rejection events need to be diagnosed earlier and more specifically because those complications lead to a poor prognosis for the graft and the patient. One of the standardized methods for monitoring allograft function is the measurement of serum creatinine. However,
doi:10.1097/tp.0000000000000873 pmid:26444957 fatcat:dxccw6z6jre25pfejg6y7ysbiy