Visual attention with contextual saliencies of a scene

Sukhan Lee, HyunKook Ahn, JooYun Han, Yu-Bu Lee
2013 Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Ubiquitous Information Management and Communication - ICUIMC '13  
This paper presents an examination of the possible competition and cooperation that may take place in human visual attention, between the bottom-up saliencies incurred by photometric signatures and the top-down saliencies incurred by the primary context of a scene. It is found that the strength of the primary context of a scene represents a dominant guiding factor for determining the visual fixations for attention: in the case where there exists a strong context in a scene, the objects and/or
more » ... he objects and/or regions that are tightly coupled with the context dominate for defining the saliencies that guide fixations for attention. It appears that, in human visual perception, a higher priority is assigned to the efficient understanding of a visual context than the direct response to photometric saliencies not supported by the context. The claims described above are derived from the experimental verification of the following conjectures: 1) There is a tendency for the bottomup saliencies to be more significant when the context of the scenes observed is either weak or nonexistent. 2) For the scene of a strong context, the top-down context saliencies such as the objects and regions that are associated with understanding the present context tend to dominate over the bottom-up saliencies. 3) When the scene of a strong context includes both positive and negative saliencies, where the positive/negative contextual saliencies are referred to here as those saliencies significant for understanding the context yet well-expected/unexpected for the given context in terms of the prior knowledge, the negative saliencies are assigned a higher priority than the positive saliencies for attention.
doi:10.1145/2448556.2448647 dblp:conf/icuimc/LeeAHL13 fatcat:gv3zscuvvndo5cf6xtndzkf2wi