Protective action of nitric oxide in sesame seeds submitted to water stress

Raquel Maria de Oliveira Pires, Genaina Aparecida de Souza, Denise Cunha Fernandes dos Santos Dias, Leonardo Araujo Oliveira, Eduardo Euclydes de Lima e Borges
2016 Journal of Seed Science  
Abstract: The objective in this work was to investigate the effect of nitric oxide (NO) like protective agent in sesame seeds submitted to different osmotic potentials. The treatments, in total of eight, were water (control), water plus sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and the other treatments with PEG 6000 and PEG 6000 plus SNP: - 0.1 MPa, -0.1MPa +200 µM of SNP, 0.2 MPa, -0.2 MPa +200 µM of SNP, -0.3 MPa and -0.3 MPa, +200 µM of SNP. Were done the following determinations: germination, first count
more » ... ation, first count of germination, speed germination index, hypocotyl length, radicle length, dry mass of hypocotyl and radicle. It was quantified the activity of the antioxidative enzymes, superoxide dismutase, catalase, ascorbate peroxidase and total peroxidase. The experimental design was completely randomized with five replications. The water restriction reduced the germination of sesame seeds, however, the presence of nitric oxide (NO) due to the application of SNP, was beneficial, promoting increase in germination, vigor and seedlings. There was an increase of antioxidative enzymes activity in the period of 0 to 24 hours, demonstrating organization of antioxidative system in all long the time. The association of PEG 6000 to SNP, increased the activity of antioxidative enzymes, evidencing an efficient system of elimination of ROS formed during the exposition to water deficit.
doi:10.1590/2317-1545v38n4166972 fatcat:kf5g4tum5vebbdyb7jblzkxdxq