Autonomous Locomotion Mode Transition of Ground Hybrid Robots [article]

Jie Wang, University Of Calgary, University Of Calgary, Alejandro Ramirez-Serrano
2017
Multi-modal locomotion (e.g. terrestrial, aerial, and aquatic) is gaining increasing interest in robotics research as it improves the robots' environmental adaptability, locomotion versatility, and operational flexibility. Within the terrestrial multiple locomotion robots, the main advantage of hybrid robots stems from their multiple (two or more) locomotion modes, among which robots can select from depending on the encountering terrain conditions. The majority of the ground hybrid robots
more » ... ed in the past two decades are wheel/track-legged systems due to their excellence in both locomotive efficiency and rough terrain negotiation abilities. However, there are many challenges in improving the autonomy of the locomotion mode transition between their multiple locomotion modes. The main goal of this research is to develop a method to enable an autonomous locomotion mode transition for ground hybrid robots. To achieve this goal, simplified dynamic modeling methods for the rolling and walking locomotion modes of wheel/track-legged hybrid robots are developed, a novel energy based criterion is proposed to evaluate the locomotion performance of the rolling and walking locomotion mode, a new rule to determine the threshold values of the locomotion transition criterion is derived, and two walking gaits to negotiate steps with different heights for quadruped wheel/track-legged hybrid robots are proposed. The autonomous locomotion mode transition method is proposed. It's first proposed based on the energy performance knowledge of the simplified rolling and walking locomotion evaluations of ground hybrid robots. Then, the method is refined by the work on the Cricket robot. Simulated case study results are presented to illustrate that the autonomous locomotion mode transition method is able to switch between the Cricket's rolling and walking locomotion modes when negotiating step style obstacles. Even though the proposed method is improved by the work on the Cricket robot, the method is generally applicable to a wide range [...]
doi:10.11575/prism/25085 fatcat:vimyps2jjbaj3b3m7xr45fkz2u